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Guru Granth Sahib


Recitation from Guru Granth Sahib! 380 KB


The Adi Guru Granth Sahib (AGGS) is the main source of spiritual and ethical inspiration for Sikhs, students of religion. Its message addresses all seekers of truth, regardless of their religious, ethnic or social background. The most important feature of being a Sikh is to have knowledge of the soul and to live virtues in daily life. AGGS emphasises the necessity to transcend our current life beyond our social identity and to live in harmony with our true inner self that descends from the One Eternal Being.




International opinions on Sikhi.

Musafer - Sikhi is Travelling, is an independent documentary film that portrays the interconnected lives of a younger generation of diasporic Sikhs by giving emphasis to their artistic expressions and in-depth conversations about the meaning of Sikhi in times of political upheaval and social uncertainty.

Sikhi Camp 2009 in Frankfurt Germany.


Internalise the true wisdom and eternal liberation is obtained and attachment to the material world banished. The highest act is when one’s consciousness is attached to the One. Thus, the creator of the universe, the great giver, is obtained while living.
(AGGS, p. 466, M. 1)

From woman, man is born; within woman, man is conceived ... through woman, the future generations come. ... Why call her bad, when she gives birth to holy ones? Nanak, only the true One is without a woman. The person that is constantly in tune with the One, is blessed and regarded as beautiful. That person will be radiant in the realm of truth.
(AGGS, p. 473, M. 1)

Note: In the original language Gurmukhi, the creator combines feminine and masculine principles and is not an external “Lord”. The One is addressed as a nameless beloved friend, brother, sister, father, mother etc.

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The Sikh-Forum is the portal to the Sikh Religion (Sikhi, Sikhism). This independent website was founded in 2000.

The portal aims to provide comprehensive information about the Sikh religion based on Gurmat. The Sikh-Forum specifically addresses (young) people in search of a holistic approach to religion in a rapidly changing world. All religious interpretations are based on Gurbani - timeless, and universal spiritual wisdom - and linked with personal, mundane and global challenges of the world we live in today. The website also critically discusses widespread religious practices and interpretations within Sikh communities that contradict spiritual wisdom.

So far, only the main page, a glossary of key terms of Sikhi and a few other articles are available in English. Click here to find addresses of communal centers -Gurdwara - in Europe.

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The most influential founding figure of Sikhi was master Nanak. He was born 1469 in Panjab in North India. To pay respect, Sikhs also refer to him as “Gur Nanak”, meaning an enlightened person. Yet, Nanak, his predecessors (Bhagat) and nine direct successors, never regarded themselves as “Gur” but as humble devotees of the creator. Already in his teenage years, master Nanak questioned prevalent religious beliefs and practices as well as the hierarchic social order. The father of two boys emphasised a spiritually oriented life beyond religious and social boundaries. During his extensive travels, master Nanak discussed religious issues with leading figures of all predominant religious traditions of his time. He inspired seekers of truth from various religious backgrounds through his wisdom, noble conduct, humbleness and message of equality. To ensure a continuous spiritual progress of the people, master Nanak transferred the responsibility of religious guidance to a successor. In total, master Nanak was followed by nine masters and preceded by several Bhagat. The original writings of the masters (pothi) were put together in an anthology mostly called “(Adi) Guru Granth Sahib” (AGGS), containing 1430 pages in the printed version. It has the highest authority for Sikhs. Insights attributed to the last master Gobind Singh are contained in the “Dasam Granth”.

Today, the Sikh Religion is the fifth largest world religion. It has around 25 million followers. The majority of Sikhs lives in Panjab and Delhi (India), UK, USA, Canada and Australia. In the German speaking countries Germany, Swiss, and Austria there are more than 13.000 Sikhs. They mostly came in the late 70s and 80s. In major cities like Frankfurt currently several hundred families reside.

Sikhi is a unique way of life which is based on spiritual growth, contemplation and lived virtues in daily life. Sikhi aims at creating awakened human beings who live a life free of blind faith, superstition, esotericism, rituals devoid of meaning, clerical dependency and unquestionable dogmas. Sikhi provides timeless inspiration that helps to transform oneself into a holistic spiritual being while living an active social life.

Sikhi rejects racism and other discriminating hierarchies. People who live according to the wisdom of Sikhi, do not judge others based on their social background or so called caste (jat).

The AGGS is written in prose and is based on a sophisticated musical (rag) and grammatical system. Its metaphoric language Gurmukhi comprises words and expressions of various linguistic and religious traditions. Yet, it spiritually reappropriates notions such as hell, heaven, death, life, good, bad, body, eyes, feet and pilgrimage. The AGGS contains verses of the first five masters, the ninth master, and of 15 Bhagat, religious masters from different social backgrounds - among others Kabir, Namdev, Shekh Farid, Ravidas, Pipa and Trilochan.

Sikhs can traditionally be recognised by their outward appearance. To express their respect for the creator and its creation (hukam), Sikhs traditionally keep their hair (kes) uncut. Men cover it with a turban, boys were a piece of cloth, a rumal or patka. Sikh women, who cover their hair, either use a loose head scarf or a turban. The turban symbolises a natural, graceful and humble lifestyle.

Sikhs have conjoint family names. “Kaur” (prince) is used by Sikh women, “Singh” (lion) by men. Old Indian prefixes like Bedi, Saini, Gill, Dhillon or Brar that bear a connotation of a specific social class or clan, are omitted by devout Sikhs. If it is legally necessary to have one common name for the whole family, Sikhs add a suitable word from Gurbani as their family name.


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